Objective: The objective of the session is to discuss the current status of the Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in the world: What exactly UHC is, how to achieve it, how to monitor and evaluate the success of the UHC goal. Four speakers will share the UHC status of their own areas, discuss their technical contribution how to achieve this goal in more effective way in terms of reducing the cost but at the same time improving the accessibility to healthcare by developing and promoting technologies.
Background: According to WHO, (1) at least half of the world’s population still do not have full coverage of essential health services; (2) About 100 million people are still being pushed into “extreme poverty” (living on $ 1.90 or less a day) because they have to pay for health care; (3) Over 800 million people (almost 12 percent of the world’s population) spent at least 10 percent of their household budgets to pay for health care; (4) all UN Member States have agreed to try to achieve universal health coverage (UHC) by 2030, as part of the Sustainable Development Goals.
Technological Response: Portable Health Clinic, a healthcare worker assisted remote healthcare system, started working in rural areas in developing countries for non-communicable diseases. Many projects are being carried out in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Cambodia to examine the effectiveness of the concept and to develop a sustainable social business model for both rural and urban communities.
1. Case Study in Bangladesh: Dr. Rafiqul Islam Maruf, Associate Professor, Medical Information Center, Kyushu University, Japan
2. Case Study in India: Dr. Manish Biyani, Associate Professor, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
3. Case Study in Pakistan: Prof. Faiz Shah, Director, Yunus Center, AIT, Thailand
4. Case Study in Malawi: Prof. Noriatsu Matsui, Professor, Department of Human Cultures, Teikyo University Junior College
Mr. Tatsuo Kawasaki
The moderator may ask the following questions to the speakers to know the status of Universal Health Coverage in their respective countries.
1. Who is covered, what services are covered, and how much of the cost is covered
2. Do they believe UHC will be achieved by 2030? If yes, why? If no, why?
3. What is expected the most to achieve the goal? technology, education, charity, business model?
4. What are the role of government and/or healthcare entrepreneurs in achieving the UHC goals?